Pneumatic conveying systems are essential for many production lines today. But similar to other machineries, you want to have the best conveyer running in your facilities. Thing is, each facility have specific needs a pneumatic conveyer must meet, and it’s not merely buying from the best manufacturers. Hence, you must know the important factors that affects the design of any pneumatic conveyers, so you’d buy the right Festo valves, tract and air compressors among other components.
What Factors Affect the Design of a Pneumatic Conveying System?
- Materials you Handle
First, consider the weight of the materials you handle. In a nutshell, heavy materials require more force to move, whereas light materials need minimal pressure. That dictates the right air pressure necessary for your conveyer.
In addition, think of your materials’ properties as well. Do they need dense, semi-dense or diluted conveying? Do they pose bigger risks of spills while on the move? This tells proper movement of the conveyer while carrying your materials.
Next, consider the distance your materials must travel. But don’t merely measure an unrealistic straight line from point A to point B. Instead, consider bends, elbows and even horizontal angles among other turns.
It affects the amount of air pressure the conveyer needs. The longer the distance, the more pressure it needs.
It’s also important to know the rate you want to achieve in a period. Say, you want to move 50 materials in an hour. Or, if you want to move items in bulks. Again, higher rates may translate to more necessary force.
- Pick-up Point
How do you want the conveyer to pick-up materials? Think if you’d have a staff stationed at one point, or if you need to connect one conveyer to another.
Thing is, it’s more difficult to achieve accuracy when you opt for automated method. For example, it’s hard to accurately make materials fall on the conveyer belt, especially when it comes from another machine. However, it’s certainly achievable after few trials.
- Material Container
Related to pick-up point, it’s important to know the container of materials in designing conveyers. It indicates on how the materials would be fed into the conveyer tract. For example, it’s possible to have the materials in a fixed container before being placed on the conveyer, or if the conveyer would carry the containers then stop for feeding the materials.
- Equipment Involved
Aside from the conveying system itself, there are other equipment involve in the processing plant. This includes the container of the materials, and even the equipment attached on the conveyer. This is primarily because of the size and weight of such equipment which affects the necessary air pressure a conveyer needs. Hence, it subsequently affects the performance of the pneumatic system.
- Facility and Environment
Lastly, it’s important to consider the facility and environment where the pneumatic conveying system would be installed. That’s because of the type and amount of air presence in the surroundings, which is essential for a pneumatic system to work. Say, your facility is located on a higher altitude area, you need a more powerful compressor because of the low volume of air around.
Other environmental factors to consider is the cleanliness of your facility. Weather and temperature play some roles too.
These are few of the most significant factors to consider in designing a pneumatic conveyer system. Be sure, however, to talk with a reliable pneumatic system provider for some guidance.