A Pro’s Guide To Water Softeners

Water Problems

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What you need to know about water

Water from rain is considered soft, purely because it lacks minerals such as calcium and minerals. However, as water flows through rivers and other waterways, it picks up essential minerals from rocks such as limestone and becomes hard. Hard water is preferred over soft because of its abundance in minerals, which has fabulous benefits on health, and it is also considered to be tastier than soft water.  Then why would anyone require a water softener? Well, though hard water has its benefits, it is also the prime cause of your drab looking clothes and rough, lifeless looking hair after a shower. Hard water also eats up a lot of energy and ruins appliances. This is due to the ions present in the water that react negatively, which is why softening water is desired.

The difference between a water filter and a water softener

While both help in softening water, they are different in many ways.  A water filter removes a broad range of contaminants such as sediment and debris, certain minerals such as iron and sulphur, fluoride, and others. On Infododos the other hand, water softeners only focus on minerals that cause hardness.  When it comes to maintenance, water softeners demand more than filters. However, if the purpose is only to soften water without any additional requirements, then it is wiser to get a water softener as installing water filters is expensive. Although, make sure you know what type of filtration your water needs, to avoid regrets once installed.

How do these water softeners work?

Most of the water softeners work with the help of a process called ‘ion exchange’ that removes calcium and magnesium. Water flows into a mineral tank and through a bed of polyester beads called ‘resin beds’ that are anionic in nature (negatively charged) and is coated with sodium ions. Meanwhile, ions in the water are cationic/positively charged. This causes the attraction between the two, and the magnesium and calcium ions get attached to the beads and are replaced by the sodium ions, resulting in the softness of water.

The anatomy of a water softener

There are three main components:

  • mineral tank
  • brine tank
  • control valve

models that are of a smaller capacity combine the mineral and brine tanks, larger one’s sport separate tanks.

  • Mineral tank

This is where most of the work happens; calcium and magnesium ions are removed, and the process of softening takes place.

  • Brine tank

Contains a high concentration of a solution of either salt or potassium. This solution is required to flush the mineral tank and recharge it. However, sodium and potassium have to be restored through pellets.

  • Control valve

As the name suggests, it controls the flow of water in and out of mineral and brine tanks. Mostly a water softener is placed near the point where the water supply enters the house and treats the water used for cooking, drinking, and washing.

Taking care of your softener

Maintaining a softener can be tricky; however, with the right amount of dedication and effort, anyone can make it work.

Refilling Salt

Not as difficult as you think. Check the salt level in your tank, if it stoops below 1/4th, then fill it up! However, make sure you don’t exceed the 2/3rd mark; no one wants a salt bridge.

If the unfortunate even of salt bridge formation occurs

Salt bridge occurs due to the overbuilding of salt pellets; this gives an appearance of a layer of salt on the brine tank, leading to the water not being softened.Don’t fear!It can be easily fixed by simply shutting down the water supply, and breaking the salt bridge with the help of a mop or a stick.  Using a plastic container, remove all of the excess salt. Be careful, and try not to damage the walls of the tank.

CLEAN your softener as often as possible by draining out the tanks. You can also feel free to give it for servicing one a year or two. Softeners are extremely durable and last for almost twenty years. For the best reviews on water softeners, visit the infododos website.

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